Image Making Equipment and Photographic Techqniques

Image Making Equipment Examples

  1. DSLR camera: There are many different types of DSLR cameras nowdays however they have vastly improved. Most DSLR cameras nowadays allow users to completely have control over the settings from lighting to motion blur. I own a Nikon D5500 DSLR camera which I find helps me to create clear, detailed images.
  2. Tripod: A tripod is really useful when you want a steady, focused image. It is great for images such as detailed portraits and nature landscapes. It’s main use is to steady the camera so it does not shake or move whilst taking images.
  3. Photoshop: Photoshop is very common nowadays as it has so many functions. You can edit images on this software in so many ways and even use it for correcting simple things like white balance.
  4. Shutter speed: This is a function which usually can be changed manually on settings on a camera. You can either use a slow or fast shutter speed depending on the type of image you want to create. You would use a slow shutter speed if you want to capture light trails, etc and a fast shutter speed for ‘freezing action’ pictures such as if people were running and you want the detail of the people to be clear but the background blurred.
  5. Zoom lens: The lens on my DSLR camera is an 18-55mm lens which gives me the availability to take varied shots such as macro and full view. The purpose of a zoom lens is to allow you to zoom in and out depending on what you want the main focus of the image to be.

Photographic Techniques

  1. Leading lines: Lines in an image which usually lead the eye to another point in the image or out of it. Common leading line images may be train tracks or trees yet more or less anything can be leading lines if it is taken at a good enough angle.
  2. Motion blur: This is the use of shutter speed to take photos whilst action is happening. An example of this would be people dancing or running and when taken with a slow shutter speed the motion of the people’s movements would be blurred.motion-blur
  3. Macro: This is used to focus on intricate detail such as people’s eyes or bugs within bushes, etc. A zoom lens would be best for this as you don’t need to be super close to the subject as you can just zoom in without disturbance.macro
  4. Rule of thirds: This is when you capture an image with the main subject focus being within the guidelines of the rule of thirds. The purpose is to give balance to the photo and allows people to view the image more naturally as the points of interest are focused within the intersecting lines. rule-of-thirds
  5. Centred composition: This is good for making an image really stand out as the subject matter is right in the middle of the image. Usually this works best with one subject such as a person within a calm/neutral background to keep the centre of attention on the subject. centred
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